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Social Media

A Literature Review on Social Media. A compilation of social media thoughts from the experts point of view. Produced by Alex Wong from Charles ... less Sturt Uni, Australia.


Slide 1: Social Media and Marketing: EVOLUTION or REVOLUTION ?

Slide 2: Media Landscape

Slide 3: Marketing has changed more….. Source: Internet Advertising Bureau, 2004 Source: Darwin Day Conference, by Google

Slide 4: 1. Product Proliferation Product proliferation and availability means more choice for the buyer…….. Source: Strike up the Brands. McKinsey & Company, December 2003 Source: Darwin Day Conference, Google

Slide 5: 2. Media Proliferation Today, media is fragmented • 13,500 radio stations(4,400 in 1960) • 17,300 magazine titles (8,400 in 1960) • 82.4 TV channels per home (5.7 in 1960) And the Web: • Millions of sites • Billions of pages Source: “Left Brain Marketing,” Forrester Research (April 2004); “The Vanishing Mass Market,” BusinessWeek (July 2004) Source: Darwin Day Conference, Google

Slide 6: 3. Access Proliferation • • • Video games Radio Satellite Radio • • • Email DVD TiVo (Starhub PVR) • • • XBox LIVE Ring Tones Video On-Demand • • • Websites TV Newspapers • • • IM Blogs Podcasting • • • Search Magazines Cell Phone Source: Darwin Day Conference, Google

Slide 7: Digitization of Media New Media Old Media Reach Mass Media Niche Media Source: Darwin Day Conference, Google

Slide 8: “ A radical advertising and marketing change has occurred in the ” World of Source:

Slide 9: Consumers are not listening anymore Interruptive marketing has seen it’s day Source:

Slide 10: The Audience is creating Source:

Slide 11: The Audience is selecting Time Shift technology Source:

Slide 12: The Audience is changing Source:

Slide 13: As a result “We are immune to advertising. Just forget it. ” “You want us to pay? We want you to pay attention. ” “ The Internet became a place where people could talk to other people without constraint. Without filters or censorship or official sanction — and perhaps most significantly, without advertising ” “Don't talk to us as if you've forgotten how to speak. Don't make us feel small. Remind us to be larger. Get a little of that human touch. ” Cluetrain Manifesto Source:

Slide 14: Media Scales Source:

Slide 15: “ Consumers control the online environment so brands need to think about facilitating user-created actions, not just user-generated content." Unlike newspapers and TV where the advertisers are speaking at consumers, the Internet allows for more back and forth ” interaction. Source:

Slide 16: The Consumer

Slide 17: Cash Co-Creators Control The birth of Generation C Connected Creativity Content Conversation Consumer 2.0 Creative Class Channel Community Communicate

Slide 18: Consumer Today Source:

Slide 19: Consumer Touch Points Blog Sites Music Sites Reads his friend’s Reads up on postings new cd releases Movie Sites Downloads Songs Buys tickets online Sports Sites Gets the latest updates on favorite teams Gaming Sites Looks for Checks scores information about Nascar games Searches for “what’s cool” Source: Darwin Day Conference, Google

Slide 20: Social Media 1.0

Slide 21: Social Media’s Timeline 1995 1984 1971 1979 1988 1991 1998 -2004 Personal Web Sites 1st Social Email Usenet Listservs IRC Blogs Networking Site Podcast Discussion Groups Chat Wikis 2005 and beyond>> Web 2.0 apps and User-generated content take over Source:

Slide 22: Growth of social media

Slide 23: What is social media? Social media describes the online technologies and practices that people use to share opinions, insights, experiences, and perspectives with each other (Wikipedia 2007)

Slide 24: They share one or more characteristics Connectedness

Slide 25: Getting from me to them

Slide 27: “ I post on blogs and BBS because I can express myself to millions of people at once. ” I like the rush, and I feel empowered. Source:

Slide 28: “ I believe the bloggers and their ideas. They are my friends and will tell me the truth, unlike ” advertisements. Source:

Slide 29: Digital experiences Design Centred Content Focus INTERACTIVITY Marketers>Experience>Conversation>Relationship>Affinity

Slide 30: Source:

Slide 31: The “satisfaction effect” Source:

Slide 32: The Evolution BROADCAST “We tell you” Examples: The New York Times, CNN Publisher/broadcaster Big media $ Newspaper buys for $ Magazines display $ advertising TV Passive readers/audience Source:

Slide 33: The Evolution INTERACTIVE “Tell us what you think of what we tell you” Examples:, Publisher/broadcaster $ Big media buys for Newspaper Forums display advertising $ in heavily Magazines Comments trafficked site $ Web Video Ratings $ Smaller, targeted media buys for $ contextual $ advertising in less trafficked $ parts of the site Passive readers/audience Source:

Slide 34: The Evolution Social Media “Tell each other” Examples: Wikipedia, Slashdot, Ohmynews $ Collaborative Publications $ Smaller, $ targeted Co-creators media buys $ Revenue Share for contextual Pay for less $ advertising $ $ Passive readers/audience Source:

Slide 35: “ Engagement is all about ” making it relevant to the consumer. James Speros, Chief marketing officer, Ernst & Young

Slide 36: “ People read particular magazines because of the life stages and events which currently involve them: from teenager to golfer, from ” having a baby to coping with retirement. Source: Henley Centre, Delivering Engagement 2004

Slide 37: “ The editorial/reader relationship is a one-to-one conversation, and in time it creates a bond of trust, of belief, expectation and empathy. It is through the quality of this relationship that an aperture or opening to the reader’s mind and heart is created, through which we advertisers ” can establish communication. Advertiser with Readers’ Digest

Slide 38: The new paradigm Engagement Attention

Slide 39: Different levels of engagement Belonging Having sense of shared values and common experience, Identification Commitment People who are passionate Most basic level of enough to devote lot of time engagement and/ or money Source: The Henley Centre/ Redwood 2003

Slide 40: FAITH TRUST I Believe ME

Slide 41: Summary a) Media Landscape: - Advertising Environment - Marketing Environment - Long Tail b) The Consumer: - Generation C - Consumer Today - Consumer Touch Points Area of Research c) Social Media: - Timeline - Social Media Trend - Social Media - Word of Mouth - Digital Experiences d) Engagement - Trust

Slide 42: Methodology Social Media Content Analysis Discourse Analysis Interviews Case Study

Slide 43: Why am I interested?  Hype  Understanding, turning it to a power tool  Future of Advertising

Slide 44: Research Questions (1) How can the effectiveness of the advertising budget in traditional media be held accountable? (2) What tools can be developed to assess the expenditure of monies in the new digital media? (3) How can the effectiveness of internet creative messages be evaluated empirically? (4) What elements are necessary for online media planning to be successful? (5) How can interactive and traditional advertising agencies get together to do better work in the future? (6) How can the outcomes of traditional consumer behavior research be applied in the new digital world? (7) What non-traditional methodologies might be useful in addressing the concerns of the new digital world?

Slide 45: Thank You This is a standalone presentation! This is social media!


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