Skip to main content

Mikhail Gromov on Education

"Look at the number of people like Abel who were born two hundred years ago. Now there are no more Abels. On the other hand, the number of educated people has grown tremendously. It means that they have not been educated properly because where are those people like Abel? It means that they have been destroyed. The education destroys these potential geniuses—we do not have them! This means that education does not serve this particular function. The crucial point is that you have to treat everybody in a different way. That is not happening today. We don’t have more great people now than we had one hundred, two hundred, or five hundred
years ago, starting from the Renaissance, in spite of a much larger population. This is probably due to education....

...The question of education is not obvious. There are some experiments on animals that indicate that the way you teach an animal is not the way you think it happens. The learning mechanism of the brain is very different from how we think it works: like in physics, there are hidden mechanisms. We superimpose our view from everyday experience, which may be completely distorted. Because of that, we can distort the potentially exceptional abilities of some children. There are two opposite goals education is supposed to achieve: firstly, to teach people to conform to the society they live in; on the other hand, to give them freedom to develop in the best possible way. These are opposite purposes, and they are always in collision with each other. This creates the result that some people get suppressed in the process of adapting them to society. You cannot avoid this kind of collision of goals, but we have to find a balance between the two, and that
is not easy, on all levels of education.

There are very interesting experiments performed with chimpanzee and bonobo apes and under which conditions they learn, or even how you teach a parrot to talk. How do you do that? The major factor is that it should not see the teacher. You put a mirror between you and the parrot and then you speak behind the mirror. The parrot then sees a bird—it talks to a bird. But if it sees you, it will learn very badly. That is not an obvious thing. The very presence of a teacher, an authority, moves students in a particular direction and not at all the direction the teacher wants them to move. With all this accumulated evidence, you cannot make any simple decision. If you say “do this and this,” you are wrong for sure. Solutions are not obvious; they can only come after analyzing deeply what is actually known and by studying the possibilities. I think the answers will be unexpected. What children can learn and what they cannot learn, we don’t know because we don’t know how to conduct experiments to be ethical and instructive at the same time. It is a very nontrivial issue, which has not been studied much."

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How to Install Hadoop (2.7.3) on Ubuntu (16.04 LTS)

As I am planning to learn Hadoop, I wanted to install Hadoop (2.7.3) on my Ubuntu (16.04 LTS) and I followed the steps mentioned in the documentation on the Apache Hadoop website. I encountered few problems which are mentioned below, spent some time finding solution to them.

Below are the steps I followed and the description of the error is at the end of this post and also I have mentioned what I missed and what caused these errors.


Step 1. Download Hadoop installation file. For Hadoop 2.7.3 version I used the following link 

http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/hadoop/common/hadoop-2.7.3/hadoop-2.7.3-src.tar.gzStep 2. (Assuming you have downloaded the file into /home/<username>/Downloads folder

$ tar zxf hadoop-2.7.3-src.tar.gz
This will extract the files into a folder  "hadoop-2.7.3" .

Step 3. I moved the file to /home/<username> folder (many suggest to move it into /usr/local but I prefer to keep it here, may be once I learn more about linux I might get into tha…

Installing Adobe Reader on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Adobe stopped Adobe Reader support for Linux so it is bit of a challenge to find and install the Adobe Reader for Linux. Here I describe how to install it on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.

Step 1. First install gdebi

sudo apt-get install gdebi
Step 2. Install required libraries

sudo apt-get install libgtk2.0-0:i386
sudo apt-get install libnss3-1d:i386
sudo apt-get install libnspr4-0d:i386
sudo apt-get install libxml2:i386
sudo apt-get install libxslt1.1:i386

Step 3. Download the Adobe Reader DEB package

Adobe Reader 9.5.5 enu

Javascript KeyCode Reference table for Event Handling

The post explains Keyboard event handling using javascript.Javascript events are used to capture user keystrokes. Below is a table of key codes for the keys on a multimedia keyboard. If this table is inconsistent with your own findings, please let me know.

Java Script Code to Find Key code

<script language="JavaScript">
document.onkeydown = checkKeycode
function checkKeycode(e) {
var keycode;
if (window.event) keycode = window.event.keyCode;
else if (e) keycode = e.which;
alert("keycode: " + keycode);
}
</script>


Key Code Reference Table
Key PressedJavascript Key Codebackspace8tab9enter13shift16ctrl17alt18pause/break19caps lock20escape27page up33page down34end35home36left arrow37up arrow38right arrow39down arrow40insert45delete46048149250351452553654755856957a65b66c67d68